The sintering process market is anticipated to grow largely in the Asia Pacific region owing to the tremendous rise in the automotive and construction industry. Major demand drivers for the sintering process market in Asia Pacific are the emerging economies such as China, India, Indonesia etc. The growth of the sintering process in the North American and European region has been on a downward trend over the past few years due the stringent rules and regulations put forth by the government due to the harm it causes to the environment through various harmful emissions. In addition, the rapid industrial development and technological development in the Asia Pacific region is anticipated to provide a fertile environment for the growth of the sintering process market.
One of the key application of the sintering process is the powder metallurgy industry. In the powder metallurgy industry, the efficiency of the process is evaluated by the quality of the various physical properties that it lends to sintered parts and its processing cost. The sintering process is one of the most important industrial techniques for enhancing the capabilities of various metals. The metals used in the sintering process are either ferrous or non-ferrous in nature. However, rare earth intermetallics, cermets and ceramics can also be sintered. Sintered metals are employed in various industries including aerospace, defense, electrical and electronics, automotives, machine tool and power industries, construction etc.
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Sintering is primarily the process of using heat or pressure to compact and form a solid mass without melting the solid to the point of liquefaction. The temperature used for the sintering process is always below the melting point of the major component present in the powdered metal. Sintering is the most widely used process in the powder metallurgy industry as it enhances various properties of metals including electrical conductivity, strength, thermal conductivity and translucency. In addition, sintering also aids in reducing the porosity of the metal. During the process of sintering, the powdered metal particles are bonded through diffusion and the resulting porous body acquires the desired mechanical strength. The process of sintering is governed by various parameters including temperature and time, the composition of the powdered mix, the geometrical structure of various powdered particles, and composition of the atmosphere in the sintering furnace and the density of the powder compact.
The sintering process is solely driven due to the powder metallurgy industry. Growth of this technology is anticipated to be steady over the next few years. Sintering is a widely used in various end-user industries for the manufacture of sintered parts including the automotive industry, construction industry and the electronics and electrical industry among others. The sintering process imparts some desired properties that the metal lacks. Sintering increases the life of the metal and enhances its strength, conductivity etc. However, other technologies are likely to replace sintering over the next few years due to the harmful effects it causes to the environment and health. Several government regulations on the usage of the sintering process are being implemented. However, technological developments in the sintering industry, has ensured that this process has found a wide range of end user applications in various end user industries.
Some of the key players manufacturing sintered metal parts include GKN Sinter Metals and Pacific Sintered Metals among others.
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